What is diaper rash?
The Diaper rash is a common word used in signifying some skin diseases which occurs as a result of the diaper-enclosed area. Diaper rash is usually similar to napkin (nappy) dermatitis, ammonia dermatitis and diaper dermatitis (dermatitis occurs as a result of the inflammation of the skin).
There are usually numerous causes of diaper rash,
the most common causes are close or contact irritation. Generally, the diaper rash has an effect on babies and young children; also any matured person unable to control the excretion of urine or the contents of the bowels is likely to suffer from dermatitis.
What does diaper rash look like
In a situation whereby your baby nappy region looks reddish in colour and irritated, this may be the cause of diaper rash. Generally, the skin of the baby may look swollen and feel hot when you touch the affected area. The wet nappy rash can lead to small bristly red acne in a tiny region, or wide, soft, with warm red swollen that extend to the baby stomach and some part of the baby legs above the knee.
The diaper rash is usually treated by some parents or guardians in the first year of the young child life.
How can a child get infected with diaper rash?
The diaper rash is mainly caused as a result of contact of young child’s own urine with food. The following are common causes:
Dampness: a small piece of thick soft cloth which is fastened around a baby’s bottom and between its legs to absorb its urine and solid waste usually contains some wetness on the baby skin. As a result of the moisture, urine gets in contact with the bacteria from the solid waste; the end product is ammonia, which can cause skin irritation. The children usually expose to diaper rash are those suffering from diarrhea and bowel movements.
© Dr. P. Marazzi / Science Source
Also, when a young child is left in a damp nappy for a long period of time this can lead to diaper rash, as a parent who is careful about the diaper disorder, a child with susceptible skin can also be affected by the rash.
Chemical sensitivity and chafing: Diaper rash can also be caused by rubbing of nappy against his body or skin, mostly if the child is susceptible to chemicals, laundry soaps and pleasant smell in a throwaway diaper. The diaper changes irritate the child’s skin as a result of the products.
New foods: When a child starts eating concrete foods or new food this can lead to diaper rash. The composition of the solid waste changes any time the kid eat a new food, some of the children get affect most especially when the food contains acids such as fruit juices and strawberries. There is also an increase in the rate at which a child excretes when a new food is eaten.
Although breastfeeding of kids is not affected by diaper rash, but in the process of breastfeeding your baby diaper rash can affect your child as a result of what the mother ate.
Yeast or Bacterial infection: The yeast and bacteria usually live in the diaper region because it’s wet and humid. The yeast and bacterial infection usually survive in this region and cause skin irritation, mostly underneath the child’s skin.
An example of oral yeast infection is thrush. Many children infected with thrush extend the infection of yeast in their diaper region.
Antibiotics: This can cause diarrhea, which can lead to diaper rash. Breastfeeding mothers or children taking antibiotics in most cases get infected by yeast because the antibiotics drugs damage the healthy bacteria that keep yeast in check as well as the dangerous bacteria that cause the sickness.
When should I take my young child to see the doctor for diaper rash?
Parents who are careful should be able to treat their child’s rash within three to four days without doctor’s prescription. Make sure you visit the doctor if the rash refused to leave the child skin after four days. Some general symptoms include:
- Open sores
- Pus-filled pimples
- Oozing yellow patches
In some cases, the doctor may recommend an oral or topical antibiotic for your child. The child doctor may also prescribe antifungal cream or gel or an over-the-counter for a diaper rash caused by the infection of the yeast.
In a situation whereby the young child develops a fever or the rash doesn’t go away completely after some days of treatment at home, make sure you visit or call the doctor.
What’s the best method to treat diaper rash
The following are guidelines to heal your child’s skin from diaper rash:
- Ensure that your child nappy is clean and dry by changing the diaper regularly. This may lead to changing his nappy at night.
- Make sure you don’t use a cloth that contains fragrance or alcohol and wash his diaper region well at each diaper alteration. To ensure gentle cleanups, keep cotton balls and a spray bottle or an empty container of water.
- Don’t rub your child’s skin dry. Just touch the skin gently and usually repeatedly with the hand flat.
- Allow your kid to sleep without wearing cloth any time he has diaper rash. You can also protect the bed you place the child by putting a synthetic sheet under the cloth.
How to avoid diaper rash in a child
The following are preventive measures to avoid diaper rash:
- Try and change your young child nappy every time or any time the nappy becomes damp and dirty. Because diaper rash is resistance or does not affect dry bottom.
- The genital area of the child must be clean carefully each time you change the baby nappy.
- Try and touch the dry skin gently and repeatedly with hand, don’t rub it. The diaper region can be hair dry on low hair dryer after you change the nappy.
- Ensure you wear the child simple cloth. Make sure you lose the nappy so as to allow air circulate the nappy.
- You can use neutral soaps to wash the child cloth nappy and also avoid material softener because this can irritate the skin of the child.